Hypnotherapy is appropriate for the entire range of psychological disorders such as
And this also is true for psychosomatic disorders. For a large number of those disorders (related to the cardio-vascular system, the immune system etc.) evidence is available (controlled studies, case reports) for the efficacy of hypnosis in treating these disorders. The table beneath gives (only a restricted) selection of disorders for which hypnosis is a valuable therapeutic tool:
The influence of hypnosis on the course of dermatological illnesses gives rise to the assumption that also immunological processes can be influenced by hypnosis. This has been demonstrated by controlled studies that report an influence of hypnosis on immediate type of allergic reactions (Zachariae & Bjerring, 1990 70) as well as on the delayed type (Zachariae, Bjerring & Arendt-Nielsen, 1989 71).
In describing therapeutic possibilities for the use of hypnosis it should not be forgotten that hypnosis is also valuable outside the psychotherapeutic field, i.e. as an adjunct to medical procedures. Thus, hypnotic analgesia is used for painful diagnostic operations, e.g. in gynecology 81) or in plastic surgery 80). Hypnosis is also being used in oncology 79) in order to stop nausea caused by chemotherapy and to control pain and anxiety.
For treatment of psychotic disorders, hypnotherapy is considered as contraindicated (Stocksmeier, 1984 74) although Lavoie et al. (1978 75)) report the use of hypnosis in more than 200 schizophrenic patients that had not led to any negative effects. In this case, however, only hypnotic tests of one hour each had been conducted and not longer hypnotherapies. But a number of case reports are available on the successful work with hypnosis in psychotics 76), 77). Studies assessing the efficacy of hypnotherapeutic interventions with psychotics, however, are missing totally.
Hypnotically treated disorders
nervous system, muscular system, joints:
- bronchial asthma 62)
- high blood pressure 63)
- Raynauds disease 64)
- neurodermatitis, psoriasis 65)
diseases of the sensory organs: